Drip irrigation is a form of irrigation that saves water and fertilizer by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of many different plants, either onto the soil surface or directly onto the root zone, through a network of values, pipes and tubing. It is done through narrow tubes that deliver water directly to the base of the plant. It is chosen instead of surface irrigation for various reasons, often including concern about minimizing evaporation.
Drip irrigation can be a very effective method for:
1.Areas where a water source is limited
2.Plants sensitive to soil moisture
3.Vegetable and fruit farms
4.Growth of decorative plants
Benefits of drip irrigation
1.When water resources are scarce and costly, a much larger highly- targeted zone can be watered rather than covering the whole field with water.
2.Because the watered zone is shadowed by the plant itself, evaporation is minimal and the consumption is lowered.
3.The required moisture level in the root zone is maintained and the plant gets its water from the soil without using much energy. This facilitates effective growth.
4.Fertilizers can be used via the dripping system reducing the volume needed.
5.The land between the plant rows remain dry and unwanted plant growth is prevented.
6.The surface of the soil is dry which enables processing, medication, harvest and transfer work to be executed more easily and with minimal effort.
7.Foliage remains dry, thus reducing the risk of disease. Moisture is spread through the root zone, contributing to properly aired soil.
8.The output of each nozzle can be controlled with great efficiency, high water application efficiency and lower labor cost due to the automated system.
Drawbacks of drip irrigation
1.Main problem is the clogging of drippers. To prevent this, water must be very well-filtered and chemicals must be used to clean out the system.
2.Because the surface is not watered with the drip irrigation method, there is certain degree of salting. The salt will be washed away, if the zone receives more than 300mm rain yearly. But in the absence of rain, supportive surface watering methods must be employed.
3.The initial cost of drip irrigation systems are very high, but if the plant grown has a large economical value, the ability to water a larger field will still make drip irrigation a viable option.
DIY Drip Irrigation for home garden
A do-it-yourself drip irrigation system will save time and money, and it will enable us to have healthier garden plants. An automatic watering system will put the water right where it is needed at the time when plants can uptake the moisture most efficiently. Here are some DIY watering systems suitable for home gardens.
1.Raised Bed Drip Irrigation: Installing this self-watering system in a raised bed garden is easy, because the hardware is already pre-assembled and the system can be added on to as desired.
2.Automatic Watering System: Perfect for the busy gardener who may be prone to under watering. This DIY system is automated and takes all the guess work out how much water the garden needs.
3.Above Ground Drip Irrigation: This is a great DIY above ground watering system to install in an established flower garden. No underground installation is involved.
4.Container Garden System: Vegetables, fruits and flowers grown in containers dry out quicker than those grown in ground. Keep container plants well hydrated, install this homemade drip irrigation system and keep the garden pots filled moisture and happy plants.
5.Timed Drip Irrigation System: This DIY plant watering system allows setting the timer. The plants will stay well hydrated, in the absence of householders.
6.Overhead Sprinkler System: This DIY system is easy and fast to install. Hydrate the garden plants from over head with this sprinkler system.
7.Micro Irrigation System: This plant watering system keeps hanging baskets looking fresh and vigorously growing all summer. Also use this micro irrigation system for container gardens.
8.Bottle Drip Irrigation: This is simple to install, inexpensive and a great way to recycle plastic bottles. Just punch a few holes in the bottom half of a large plastic bottle, bury the bottom half of the bottom between plants in the garden, then fill with water.
9.PVC DIY Irrigation System: PVC pipe is easy to work with and will last for years, and this irrigation system uses water efficiently so less water will be needed.
10.Bucket System: Unique and efficient way to keep plants hydrated. A bucket of water, gravity and a couple of other inexpensive components is all that needed to create the self watering system.
11.Base Watering: This DIY system will deliver water right to the base of plants so less water is lost through evaporation. Keeping the plant leaves dry will also help prevent a host of diseases so plants will stay healthy and well hydrated.