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Horticulture

Horticulture is the practice of cultivation and management of garden crops such as fruits, vegetables, medicinal plants, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds, grass, ornamental trees and plants. It deals with the process of soil preparation, planting seeds, and yielding. Horticulture is a sub field of agriculture

Course and curriculum:

A strong base in science is necessary for building a career in the field of horticulture. It deals with different aspects of organic gardening and farming, greenhouse management, plant pests management, and the like. Basic level course offered in the field is a bachelor's degree in horticulture. Higher positions require master's degree in the discipline and research aspirants have to complete their doctoral degree as well. Main courses offered are;

1.Diploma in Horticulture
2.BSc in Horticulture
3.MSc in Horticulture
4.PhD in Horticulture

A course in horticulture covers areas like plant pathology, pest and weed management, soils, ecology, agricultural business and policy within the diverse field of horticulture. The students will participate in applied, experiential learning, and they will be introduced to latest technologies and trends in horticulture. Plant nutrition, weed management, plant propagation, landscape plant materials, organic farming and gardening, sustainable landscapes, urban forestry, applied ecology, environmental economics and policy, basic soil science, landscape design, pest controlling, plant biochemistry, and similar topics are part of horticulture studies.

Career opportunities:

There are several opportunities for horticulture graduates in public and private sectors. Horticulture and agriculture departments of government, agri-business firms, research centres, plant clinics, fruit and vegetable processing plants, herbarium, orchards, farms, plant import and export firms, horticulture equipment manufacturing companies, plant laboratories and pharmacies are some of the major recruiters of horticulture graduates. Highly qualified persons can find higher job positions such as researchers and academicians in colleges and universities.

Job profiles:

1.Horticulturist
2.Horticulture specialist
3.Horticultural specialty farmer
4.Agricultural manager
5.Tissue culture specialist
6.Crop production adviser
7.Plant breeder
8.Orchard manager
9.Turf consultant
10.Florist
11.Landscape architect
12.Plantation manager
13.Horticulture therapist
14.Horticulture consultant

Institutes:

1.Institute of Horticulture Technology, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh
2.College of Horticulture, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, Kerala
3.Indian Institute of Horticulture, Bangalore, Karnataka
4.College of Horticulture and Forestry, Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh
5.Dr. Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Venkataramannagudem, Andhra Pradesh
6.NIPHT's Horticulture Training Centre, Pune, Maharashtra
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